> A flight to quality and a widening of spreads hurt investment grade spread product in the fourth quarter, and more volatility is likely in 2019 as global liquidity declines despite new dovishness by the Federal Reserve and moderately stimulative policies in China.
> Investment grade municipal bonds benefited from turmoil in equities markets in the fourth quarter, and higher quality issues outperformed. For the year, returns were modestly positive as supply declined and a shrinking market provided some price support.
> The high yield market experienced a difficult fourth quarter in an environment in which global economic growth appeared to be slowing. Issuance continued to shrink during the quarter and outflows from mutual funds totaled -$20.2 billion. Fundamentals remained healthy, however, and defaults were low by historical standards.
> Leveraged loans experienced a significant sell-off in the fourth quarter, nearly offsetting the positive performance of the year’s first three quarters. Loan issuance for the year amounted to the second-highest on record, but it dropped off sharply in the fourth quarter as demand from mutual funds turned negative. Demand from CLOs, however, remained strong.
> Rising interest rates dampened total returns in the investment grade-taxable market in the third quarter as the yield curve continued to flatten. Volatility has returned to global markets and is likely to remain, given tightening global liquidity conditions.
> The investment grade municipal bond market continued to feel the effects of the 2017 tax law, as the elimination of advance refundings reduced supply, and banks and insurance companies continued to reduce their holdings, primarily at the long end of the curve.
> The high yield market advanced 2.44% during the quarter, according to the ICE BofAML High Yield Index, with CCC-rated issues leading. Despite some outflows from mutual funds, technical factors, on balance, provided support to the market, as issuance declined during the quarter and the market continued to shrink.
> The leveraged loan market posted positive returns for the quarter, gaining 2.00% and building on the previous two quarters. It was the strongest quarterly performance for loans since fourth quarter 2016. Gains occurred across all sectors, with Retail and Metals & Mining leading the way, and Diversified Media and Utilities lagging. There were no new defaults this quarter, signaling a reduction in forward looking projections.
> Rising short-term rates dampened total returns in the investment grade-taxable market in the second quarter as the yield curve continued to flatten. A flatter curve does not mean that recession is imminent, though so-called “synchronized global growth” appears to be at an end.
> The tax-exempt municipal bond market continues to digest the effects of the new tax law as banks and insurance companies became active sellers, and the elimination of advance refundings resulted in diminished supply.
The high yield market eked out a positive return in the second quarter while issuance continued to decline and flows to mutual funds and ETFs remained negative. Defaults remained about even with last year, at 2.06%, while credit quality continued to improve.
The leveraged loan market posted a return of 0.78% for the quarter, continuing the trend of the first quarter. Issuance continued to be robust, hitting the second-highest level on record, and demand remained strong.
The high yield sector posted a negative return for the first quarter driven by rising U.S. Treasury rates. At current valuation levels, we believe there is limited potential for spread tightening. Our focus is on quality over yield though we will take advantage of market volatility to seek potential opportunities for incremental yield.
Leveraged loans delivered a positive return in the first quarter. Loans are performing as expected in the current market environment – protecting investors from rising interest rates.
Seix Quarterly Review
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